Saturday, July 17, 2021

How does artificial intelligence work

How does artificial intelligence work

artificial intelligence

 AI is made up of algorithms that act on programming principles, as well as Machine Learning (ML) and different ML techniques including Deep Learning (DL).
Artificial Intelligence (AI) (ML) 

It is a branch of Artificial Intelligence that is one of the most well-known, and it is responsible for inventing strategies that allow algorithms to learn and improve over time. It entails a vast quantity of code and complex mathematical formulas in order for machines to solve a problem.

This branch of AI is one of the most developed for commercial or corporate reasons today, as it is utilized to quickly process enormous volumes of data and store it in a human-readable format.

Data retrieved from industrial facilities, where connected elements send a constant stream of data on machine status, production, functioning, temperature, and so on to a central core, is a good example of this. To accomplish continuous improvement and suitable decision making, a vast amount of data created from the manufacturing process must be examined; yet, the volume of this data requires humans to spend a significant amount of time (days) on analysis and traceability.

This is where Machine Learning comes in, allowing data to be examined as it is incorporated into the manufacturing process, allowing for faster and more accurate detection of trends or anomalies in the operation. Warnings or alarms for decision-making can be triggered in this fashion.

However, machine learning is a large category. Deep Learning was created as a result of the development of these artificial intelligence nodes (DL).

Learning from the Ground Up (DL)

This is a subset of Machine Learning (ML) that refers to a group of algorithms (or neural networks) designed for automatic machine learning and non-linear reasoning.

The algorithms are grouped into artificial neural networks in this technique, which promise to operate like the human neural networks found in the brain. It's a method for deep learning that doesn't require any special code.

Deep Learning is required to do considerably more complicated functions, such as analyzing a large number of variables at the same time. Deep Learning, for example, is used to contextualize the data collected by autonomous car sensors, such as the distance between objects, the pace at which they are traveling, and predictions based on the movement they are making. Among other things, this data is utilized to determine how and when to change lanes.

We're still in the early stages of DL's development, so we can't expect it to reach its full potential very soon. We're seeing it utilized more and more in business to transform data into far more detailed and scalable collections.

In the corporate world, artificial intelligence (AI) is becoming more prevalent.

Automation, language processing, and effective data analysis are just a few of the commercial and production areas where AI is already in use. Companies are streamlining their manufacturing processes, operations, and internal efficiency across the board.

AI is based on a set of computer programming rules that let a machine to act and solve issues in the same way that a human would.

Companies are interested in incorporating AI technology into their processes because of the benefits it provides.

When we consider how artificial intelligence behaves at whatever level, we discover that all AI projects are data projects. We'll use an iceberg as an example to illustrate this point. We used this analogy because we feel that an AI project may be broken down into three stages: 

1) Gather relevant data for the project, 

2) train the algorithm(s), and 

3) test the algorithms that have been trained.

The goal of this comparison is to explain what working with artificial intelligence entails. Artificial intelligence techniques like machine learning, deep learning, and natural language processing aren't magic, and they rely heavily, if not entirely, on the significant data preparation required. We estimate that data preparation takes up more than half of the effort in a successful AI project. 

This assumes you haven't already cleansed and produced a sufficient data collection, which is extremely likely if you're working with data from your business for the first time. Despite this significant effort, data preparation is crucial activity that goes mostly unnoticed, similar to the majority of an iceberg that lies beneath the sea. As a result, the intricacy of this aspect of the process is not always appreciated, as it is not always reflected in the visible outputs of a project, much as only a small fraction of the iceberg protrudes from the surface compared to the rest of the iceberg.

Have you ever used Alexa, Siri, or Google Home as a voice assistant? Let's pretend we're having a conversation with Google Home and look at what happens during each of these stages.

Phase 1: Gather the necessary information.

Google Home recognizes voice requests and responds appropriately, such as answering a question, setting a timer, or controlling a connected device. To achieve these types of results, the first phase, data preparation, must include actions such as:

obtaining millions of voice recordings from a variety of sources;

eliminating background noise and other unwanted sounds from recordings;

converting the recordings to a single audio format (for example, mp3);

identify the recordings accurately;

other actions that are linked

Finally, the data must be divided into at least two groups: one for phase 2 of the algorithm modeling (training data), and another for step 3 of testing the previously trained algorithm (test data).

For a company like Google, we imagine that all of the duties associated with this phase were completed over several years by a competent team of engineers and developers who earned their pay by tackling this problem through multiple iterations and product upgrades. Furthermore, data is the business of huge technological businesses, which is why they have access to massive volumes of relevant data to organize into robust training and test data sets for successful product development. 

Despite this, as consumers, we have all encountered the flaws in these products at some point, such as when a voice assistant misread one or more words, or when a smart scanner failed to recognize an image.

When we compare these limits to the resources required vs the data available to the average AI researcher, we can see the scale of the data preparation step and its significance in the overall process of creating something useful.

Phase 2: Algorithm training

We'll start by deciding the algorithms we'll train in this phase. Assume each of these plasticine pieces represents a different sort of algorithm: the red block represents linear regression, the orange block represents k-means, the purple block represents neural networks, and the turquoise block represents support vector machines.

What takes place during the training? You've probably heard the adage that you should find the algorithm that best fits your needs. The plasticine comparison will assist you understand this metaphor at this point. Each algorithm molds itself to the training data by discovering patterns in the data during the training process, thus the algorithms can look like this at the end of the training phase:

Phase 3: Putting the trained algorithms to the test

Step 3, often known as the testing phase, involves providing test data to each of the trained models in order to determine which one makes the greatest prediction. To continue with the plasticine comparison, if a successful outcome is defined as "the ability to roll," we may deduce that the red and purple figures in the image above are the only two that can roll. The rounder, purple figure, on the other hand, will clearly be able to roll more efficiently. A successful result in the case of Google Home, for example, would be providing an adequate response to a voice command.

If the testing results needed to be improved, we could take one of two approaches: 

1) alter the algorithm, or 

2) add fresh and relevant data to our project. We remind you that this is an iterative process, although the sequence generally follows the Iceberg Model's three phases.

Finally, when creating and implementing an Artificial Intelligence project, there are other other factors to consider. We believe that this simplification, which we've dubbed the Iceberg Model, will be useful to you in framing the overall approach to your next project, as well as in articulating the work that goes on behind the scenes, or, to return to our analogy, undersea work. 

Curated By Gerluxe

No comments:

Post a Comment

ABB robots improve material handling speed and flexibility in the production of electric vehicle batteries.

ABB expands its portfolio of large robot families for complex manufacturing applications with the addition of two new robot families. The IR...