Wednesday, November 17, 2021

This is how Amazon's warehouse robots work



warehouse robot

The corporation of Jeff Bezos has always had a strong dedication to innovative technologies. One of the better examples of this is Amazon-Go. This type of store does not have cashiers or traditional payment methods, which allows the purchasing and selling operations to be sped up and simplified. This has been made possible by a deep union of technology (smartphones and software) and artificial intelligence.

Another technological solution that dramatically improves procedures is Kiva robots, which sort goods in the company's warehouses. According to Young Yang, an Amazon Solution Architecture teacher, the Kiva's have increased merchandise handling and sorting from a prior high of 700,000 items per day to a new high of 1.5 million things per day, with a 99.99 percent accuracy level.

 Amazon has over 25 automated centers, allowing it to cut tasks that once took more than a day to under an hour. When processing an order, the shelves move on their own and travel to the personnel, who no longer have to walk through the center's infinite aisles looking for products. According to corporate data, they walk six to eight kilometers less every day on average.

The robots (known as "drivers") stand beneath each of the shelves on which the items are placed when they get the order from the system. They serve as drivers, lifting and transporting the item to the employee's location.

These robots are powerful (they can lift up to 1,300 kilograms), autonomous and intelligent (they know where they need to go, how to get there quickly, and when they're out of battery and need to recharge), and cooperative: they assist one another and lend a hand if a colleague is running low on battery. If an item falls off one of the shelves, the robot emits an alert signal, and the personnel responds by picking it up.

Warehouse personnel can securely enter the robot vehicle area, for example, to pick up an object that has fallen to the floor or repair a probable technical problem, thanks to the tech vest they wear. The devices can be stopped or slowed at the touch of a button.

The machines move along a computer-delimited and continually readjusted circuit, much like dance. Meanwhile, human personnel wear a vest with electrical straps, sensor pockets, and walkie talkies around their waists to keep an eye on them.

The technology that makes the Kiva robots work allows the robot's trajectory to adapt to the speed of the worker picking the products since the robots are connected to the logistics center's computer system through Wi-Fi.

On the one hand, the robots cut the time it takes for employees to prepare an order. They do, however, provide for increased storage capacity, with up to 50% more goods per square meter.

The goal at each level, according to Tye Brady, chief technology officer of Amazon Robotics, is to "expand people's skills" so that they may "concentrate on problem solving," check product quality, and intervene if necessary.

The idea is to create a symbiosis, not to replace the human hand with technology. In fact, Amazon hires a large number of additional employees with expertise in engineering and information technology in order to feed and maintain this system. However, there is still debate about the potential loss of jobs.

While the development of collaborative robots is unavoidable and will undoubtedly destroy jobs at Amazon and elsewhere, it is also clear that it will create new ones, according to Kevin Lynch, a robotics expert at Northwestern University near Chicago. "It's easier to predict the jobs that will disappear than the ones that will be created," he says.

He claims that "robots and artificial intelligence give obvious benefits to humanity's well-being and quality of existence." However, the distribution of these benefits is not equally distributed, and "policy measures are needed to ensure that we all benefit from them and that they do not become agents of new economic inequities," he says.

These robots were created by Kiva Systems, which was acquired by Amazon Robotics in 2012 and renamed Amazon Robotics. Since then, the firm has worked to improve its algorithms and artificial intelligence system, demonstrating that technology, AI, and deep learning are the channel's future.

Article Author Gerluxe Image: businessinsider

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